France: What Are The Typical Art Styles In France?

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Written by: Phương Thảo + Minh Châu


When you think of France, what do you think of? Art, love and Paris. It is the place where artistic inspiration, aesthetic quintessence is born and originates from outstanding names in many fields, the authors of works that have become monuments not only to the French people but also to the people of France. with all mankind to this day.

1. Art

French painting is famous for the big names in Impressionism such as Claude Monet, Paul Cézanne or Paul Gauguin glorifying the French art scene. The works of famous artists show unique multidimensional views of the landscape and people here with each person’s own feelings, expressing unique artistic views that create important foundations for the society modern painting.


Claude Monet is considered the father of French impressionist art. During his 86 years of life, Monet created 2,000 paintings, many of which were done right in his flower garden. He loves flowers. Monet once stated: if he didn’t become a painter, he would definitely be a gardener. The painter Paul Cézanne was not exaggerated when he commented: “One cannot see Monet’s paintings with only two eyes because Monet also sees life with another eye”.

Claude Monet’s Japanese Bridge

And Paul Cézanne is a Post-Impressionist painter; he is the man who is said to be the bridge between 19th century impressionism and 20th century cubism. Cézanne’s works show a sharpness in composition, color, and blending. The lines that show his curiosity and sensitivity are characteristic and very recognizable.

Landscape painting by artist Cézanne

2. Architecture

Surveying through the history of architectural styles in the West from ancient to modern, it can be seen that France is one of the cradles that both contribute to preserving and preserving the classical architectural styles, while at the same time preserving the classical architectural styles. contribute to the creation of new architectural styles that are very unique and impressive. French architecture inherits the beauty of classical Greco-Roman architecture, the common cradle of European architecture.

The Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris (Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris) was completed in 1350

Also from France, many typical architectural styles have been formed and spread throughout Europe such as Roman architecture, Gothic architecture, Rococo architecture. French architects are also the pioneers in creating new architectural forms on the basis of skillfully combining Greco-Roman classical values ​​with French cultural identity as well as with imprints. and breath of the times to create works with very own style. That is also the premise, the basis for many modern architects to learn and continue to develop to this day.


The Pont des Arts bridge is also a highlight of Paris. This “art bridge” was the first metal bridge built in Paris. The bridge takes the form of a hanging garden, with small trees, flower beds and benches. This bridge is sometimes used for exhibitions, and is also a place that regularly attracts artists, photographers and Parisians.

3. Film

French cinema is the country’s art and film industry, and it is the world’s oldest cinema. With a rich cultural heritage and being born at a time when France was the cultural center of Europe and the world, French cinema has held an important place in world cinema since its inception. France and Italy are far ahead of other major cinema in terms of the number of Oscars for best foreign language film.

The appearance of well-known films has energized the entire French film industry. The first 20 cinemas were equipped to show feature films in 1929. By 1931, the figure had risen to 1,000, and by 1937, it had risen to 4,250. A new generation of talented French film directors and actors emerged, bringing audiences back to French films with 150 million viewers in 1929, 234 million in 1931, and 453 million in 1938.

During this period of brilliant development, a number of movie stars shone, including Arletty, Fernandel, Jean Gabin, Raimu, and Michel Simon. Before the war, many notable works were produced by French film directors such as Sacha Guitry, Julien Duvivier, Jean Renoir, René Clair, and Marcel Pagnol.

The New Wave was a new cinematic movement that emerged in France in the late 1950s (Nouvelle Vague). This movement has revolutionized the way films are made, including staging and filming, surpassing the threshold of “French quality” films and is regarded as one of the most notable artistic movements in the history of world cinema. The directors’ unique shooting ideas are further supported by the introduction of compact cameras, which allow the photographer to carry the camera directly or be more mobile on an outdoor set.

4. Music

Music in France reflects a wide range of styles. France has produced a number of famous Romantic composers in classical music, while folk and popular music has seen the rise of chanson and cabaret styles. The phonograph, the world’s first known recording device, was patented in France in 1857 by Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville. France is also the world’s fifth largest market by value, and its music industry has produced many internationally renowned artists, particularly in neoclassical and electronic music.

Classical music, Folk music, Popular music (Musette, Cancan, Cabaret, Chanson, Yéyé), Contemporary music (Nouvelle Chanson, Jazz, Pop, Rock, etc..), Overseas music, International music, and so on are among the genres.

French music from the 1950s and 1960s is still famous around the world and has left indelible melodies in the hearts of people on all continents. These singers have all performed on stages across Europe, America, and Asia, from Edith Piaf to France Gall, Yves Montand to Adamo. They also performed the songs that made them famous in various languages.


Poetic and romantic are the words used to describe France. Whether seeing it with your own eyes or just enjoying it through movies, France always appears with its ancient appearance, but inside it hides a sweet and dreamy attraction. French art exists in many different forms, but each form brings out irresistible romantic features from France!

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