7 Interesting Things About Indian Culture

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Written by: Trâm Anh & Huỳnh Huy

INDUSTRY INSIGHTS | TRANSLATION

India’s literary way of life is, without a doubt ,among the oldest in the entire planet. There are 22 tribal and foreign languages that are officially recognized, including Persian, French, Portuguese, and English. While a sizable portion of Indian Literature is written, much more is distributed orally in regional languages, all of which have received a resoundingly positive response on a global scale. 

Indian literature

Which Is The Most Ancient Work of Indian Literature?

The Rig Veda, the Ramayana, and the Mahabharata, written in the first millennium BCE, are considered the first pieces of ancient Indian literature. Then, throughout the Middle Ages, Kannada and Telugu literature developed. Marathi, Bengali, and Urdu literature came after them.

Indian literature

Who was the first Asian Winner of Nobel Prize?

Bengali author Rabindra Nath Tagore is the most well-known name in Indian literature. For his literary brilliance, he became the first Indian to win the Nobel Prize. There are two literary awards in India: the Jnanpith Award and Sahitya Fellow Academy Award in literature.

A significant portion of Indian culture is dominated by the literary heritage. Indian literature has traditionally been oral and written in verse. The Vedas, the Ramayana, and the Mahabharata are some of the oldest works of literature in India. Other ancient works include the Arthashastra for political science and the Vaastu Shastra for architecture and town planning.

What Is Hindu Poetry ?

Hindu poetry, concert hall, and music dating all the way back more than a thousand years. A few of the most well-known pieces of Sanskrit literature include Shakuntalam and Meghduta by Kalidasa, Asthadhyayi by Panini, Mirchkatika by Sudraka, and Ratnavali by Sri Harsha. The Kamasutra by Vatsayana and Jaydev’s Geet Govinda are two well-known pieces of classical Indian literature. 

A sizable portion of Indian culture is also dominated by Muslim literary traditions. India was primarily ruled by Muslims throughout the Middle Ages.

Muslim sultans supported literature, architecture, and the arts. Important pieces of Indian literature include the poetry of Ghalib and Amir Khusrau in Persian and Urdu.

Regional languages also saw great literary growth in India. Rabindranath Tagore, a Nobel winner, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, and Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay were all outstanding Bengali writers.

Ramdas, Eknath, and contemporary authors Vijay Tendulkar, P. L. Deshpande, and Vishnu Vaman Shirvadakar are only a few of the well-known Marathi writers. Munshi Premchand, Jaisshankar Prasad, Mahadevi Verma, Kedarnath Agarwal, and Raghuveer Sahai are a few renowned poets who have contributed to Hindi literature. Indian literature greatly benefited from the contributions of the languages Kannada, Tamil, and Malay 

Ramdas, Eknath, and other saint poets are well-known Marathi authors, as are contemporary authors Vijay Tendulkar, P. L. Deshpande, and Vishnu Vaman Shirvadakar. Hindi literature has been significantly influenced by authors like Munshi Premchand, Jaisshankar Prasad, Mahadevi Verma, Kedarnath Agarwal, and Raghuveer Sahai. Literature in Kannada, Tamil, and Malay contributed greatly to Indian literature.

The works of Kalidasa, Raghuvamsha, Shakuntala, and Meghdhoota are included in the classical Sanskrit literature. Buddhism’s whole body of philosophical material is found in the Pali Literature. Jaatak Kathayein, Dhammapada, Mahavamsa, and Atthhakatha are also included. 

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Who Were The First Internationally Acclaimed Figures of Indian Literature?

Hindi literature first gained popularity in the medieval times and was written in dialects like Brij and Awadhi. The two most well-known figures at that period were Tulsidas and Sant Kabir. Munshi Premchand, among others, is another illustrious name in Hindi literature.

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Literature from India in Different Indian Languages

In numerous other Indian languages, including Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Gujarati, Kannada, Konkani, Malayali, Manipuri, Marathi, Mizo, Oriya, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu, Indian literature gained additional dimensions later in the Middle Ages.

The Prahlad Charita by Hema Saraswati, Ashvamedha Parva by Harihara Vipra, and Jayadratha Vadha by Kaviratna Saraswati are three examples of Assamese literature. The most well-known Assamese poets include Amulya Barua and Madhav Kandali.

These poems either have a naturalistic theme or a spiritual or mystical one. The cherished national hymn of India, Jana Gana Mana, was only written by Rabindranath Tagore.

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay, and Sunil Gangopadhyay are further well-known authors of Bengali literature.

What Is Modern Indian Literature?

The shift in Indian literary styles originated from the arrival of the British army. Over time, the residents had been brutally tortured, which gradually prompted their desire for revenge. Therefore, when India was freed from the yoke of British domination, literature flourished more significantly than ever before. 

The ensuing division of the Indian sub-continent into Pakistan and India led to a miserable situation for people. They were traumatized, violence was no longer abnormal at that time. Thousands of Indians were uprooted from their home territories. 

At the same time, the conflict between Hindus and Muslims had accelerated on the issue of cultural-national identity.

All these mentioned events inadvertently left the residents in poverty, despair, and enmity. Therefore, the ideal and reality of post-colonial nationhood was the most common theme over years. 

The Development of Modern Indian Literature.

Indian literature

After independence took place, the humanistic and progressive trends represented by earlier writers such as Manik Bandyopadhyay and Mulk Raj Anand continued to flourish in fiction from every region in India.

From the 1970s onward, literary movements headed to feminism. There was a sizable corpus of fiction chronicling this topic. They mainly spoke volumes about the irony and injustice of women living in India. 

In Caste System, the Dalit is considered to be untouchable which eventually created an unbalanced world. The Dalit have to do the most dangerous jobs in the world, such as scavenging, disposing of dead animals, and cleaning,… Seeking justice is their motive when they entered the literary world. Autobiography, with its power to document and bear witness to the struggles of the disenfranchised, is the major genre of the Dalit.

The Appearance of English Writing

It was not until the 1970s that English became common in Indian Literature. Up to now, it is nearly considered to be the official language of this country. Fiction is the chosen vehicle of the majority of Indian writers in India, who felt more at home in English than in any other language. 

During this period, a new class of writers turning up was Midnight’s Children. They are young children who want to raise their voices toward political, and national identity.

Another category of writers was introduced, which was named “diaspora writers”. These writers are Indian but living abroad or having grown up outside India. Conflicts and challenges of negotiating hybrid and transnational identities are what they have pursued over time.

Indian literature

Conclusion

The literature of India is one of the most ancient literature in the world. It has a sizable corpus of fiction, novels, and poems written in different languages with different characteristics. Each of them has its own meaning, their own ideal for their own class. They depict people’s desperate desire for a balanced and peaceful world so that there is no classification regarding socio-economic backgrounds. The literary moment is hoped to flourish more and more in the future thanks to the advent of technology, as well as the invention of the printing press.

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